"Ricardo are involved in PaREGEn since it will investigate and address the key short-term challenges for future premium passenger car engines, namely efficiency and air quality"
Simon Edwards, Ricardo
Ricardo is a global strategic, technical and environmental consultancy. It is also a specialist niche manufacturer of high performance products. The company employs over 2,500 professional engineers, consultants and scientists who are committed to delivering innovative solutions, on time to meet the most demanding expectations. Our client list includes the world’s major transportation original equipment manufacturers, supply chain organisations, energy companies, financial institutions and government agencies. Ricardo Innovations is a research organisation, of over 50 people, which sits alongside Ricardo’s global business units. The focussed team manages the group’s medium and large advanced research projects across all areas of the business providing a dedicated and consistent approach to key research programmes.
Honeywell Turbo Technologies, official registration number CH-550-1035-825-1, is hereinafter called “Honeywell”. Honeywell is the largest turbocharger supplier in the world and supplies turbochargers to both the Passenger Vehicle and Commercial Vehicle markets. Its Headquarters is located in Rolle, Switzerland. It is a global organization operating in 3 regions and at more than 20 locations across the world – all share a culture founded on technological excellence, a commitment to quality and customer service. The company produced over 10 million turbos in 2014 for automotive applications in every corner of the world. More than 60% of global sales in 2006 were made in Europe. The company has engineering centres in US, France, Czech Republic, Japan and China, and operates manufacturing plants in France, Italy, United Kingdom, Romania, Mexico, Brazil, Korea, Slovakia, Japan and China. The company is currently expanding in China, India and Eastern Europe. Within the project the Engineering centre of Czech Republic is participating as partner, located in Brno and Prague.
Within the PaREGEn project Honeywell will simulate, size, design, analyse and provide rapid functional demonstrators of an appropriate Boosting System for inclusion on the JLR 2,0L engine in WP4. The request from JLR/Ricardo is for a Variable Geometry Turbine (VNTTM) Turbocharger. Honeywell is the leader in this field and smaller frame sizes of this technology exist for Gasoline engines already and will enter series production in 2016. The JLR engine and performance specification will require a larger, modified version of the technology to meet the declared performance targets. The Honeywell tasks in WP4 are focused primarily in Year 1 of the project. In addition to designing and providing hardware to JLR/Ricardo for application on their engines, Honeywell will also build one set of Hardware for internal use to calibrate 0D & 1D simulation models.
" Jaguar Land Rover has a long-term commitment to reduce vehicle emissions and improve fuel economy, with environmental innovation at the heart of its strategy. We are excited to be part of the PaREGEn Project. Collaborating with the international consortium will grow and share skills helping to develop the next generation of low carbon vehicles."
Jaguar Land Rover is the UK’s largest automotive manufacturer, built around two iconic British car brands: Land Rover, the world’s leading manufacturer of premium all-wheel-drive vehicles; and Jaguar, one of the world’s premier luxury sports saloon and sports car marques. We employ nearly 40,000 people globally and support around 275,000 more through our dealerships, suppliers and local businesses. Manufacturing is centred in the UK, with additional plants in China, Brazil, India and Slovakia. Last year Jaguar Land Rover sold 487,065 vehicles in 160 countries, with more than 80% of our vehicles produced in the UK being sold abroad.
Johnson Matthey is a global leader in sustainable technologies — many of the group’s products enhance the quality of life of millions through their beneficial impact on the environment, human health and wellbeing. We focus on clean air, clean energy and low carbon technologies and are experts in the application and recycling of precious metals. Johnson Matthey has operations in over 30 countries and employs around 13,000 people. Our products and services are sold across the world to a wide range of advanced technology industries. A global leader in catalytic systems for emissions control, Johnson Matthey Emission Control Technologies has 14 manufacturing sites and 9 technology centres around the world. Since making the first catalysts to control vehicle pollution in 1974, Johnson Matthey has supplied 1 in 3 of all autocatalysts ever made.
"The main role of the research & advanced engineering department of the Daimler AG is to monitor and assess new powertrain technology. Within the PaREGEN project Daimler will use this experience in collaboration with the other project partners to improve fuel consumption and meet future emission targets of gasoline engines. Within the PaREGEn project the following tasks have been assigned to Daimler: Coordination of the WP3 “Stoichiometric Small TC-VVA-DI Water Injection Engine”, design of prototype engine, hardware procurement and built-up (engines, vehicle), engine testing, calibration of engine management system, overall system integration and vehicle testing."
Günter Karl, Daimler
Daimler AG is one of the world’s most successful automotive companies. With its divisions Mercedes-Benz Cars, Daimler Trucks, Mercedes-Benz Vans, Daimler Buses and Daimler Financial Services, the Daimler Group is one of the biggest producers of premium cars and the world’s biggest manufacturer of commercial vehicles with a global reach. Daimler Financial Services provides financing, leasing, fleet management, insurance, financial investments, credit cards, and innovative mobility services. The company’s founders, Gottlieb Daimler and Carl Benz, made history with the invention of the automobile in the year 1886. As a pioneer of automotive engineering, Daimler continues to shape the future of mobility today: The Group’s focus is on innovative and green technologies as well as on safe and superior automobiles that appeal and fascinate. Daimler consequently invests in the development of alternative drive trains with the long-term goal of emission-free driving: from hybrid vehicles to electric vehicles powered by battery or fuel cell. Furthermore, the company follows a consistent path towards accident-free driving and intelligent connectivity all the way to autonomous driving. This is just one example of how Daimler willingly accepts the challenge of meeting its responsibility towards society and the environment. Daimler sells its vehicles and services in nearly all the countries of the world and has production facilities in Europe, North and South America, Asia, and Africa. Its current brand portfolio includes, in addition to the world’s most valuable premium automotive brand, Mercedes-Benz, as well as Mercedes-AMG, Mercedes-Maybach and Mercedes me, the brands smart, Freightliner, Western Star, BharatBenz, FUSO, Setra and Thomas Built Buses, and Daimler Financial Services’ brands: Mercedes-Benz Bank, Mercedes-Benz Financial, Daimler Truck Financial, moovel, car2go and mytaxi. The company is listed on the stock exchanges of Frankfurt and Stuttgart (stock exchange symbol DAI). In 2015, the Group sold around 2.9 million vehicles and employed a workforce of 284,015 people; revenue totaled €149.5 billion and EBIT amounted to €13.2 billion.
The Bosch Group is a leading global supplier of technology and services. The company employs roughly 375,000 associates worldwide (as of December 31, 2015), and generated sales of 70.6 billion euros in 2015. Its operations are divided into four business sectors: Mobility Solutions, Industrial Technology, Consumer Goods, and Energy and Building Technology. The Bosch Group comprises Robert Bosch GmbH and its roughly 440 subsidiaries and regional companies in some 60 countries. Including its sales and service partners, Bosch is represented in roughly 150 countries. This worldwide development, manufacturing, and sales network is the foundation for further growth. The Bosch Group’s strategic objective is to deliver innovations for a connected life. Bosch improves quality of life worldwide with products and services that are innovative and spark enthusiasm. In short, Bosch creates technology that is “Invented for life.” The company was set up in Stuttgart in 1886 by Robert Bosch (1861–1942) as “Workshop for Precision Mechanics and Electrical Engineering.” The special ownership structure of Robert Bosch GmbH guarantees the entrepreneurial freedom of the Bosch Group, making it possible for the company to plan over the long term and to undertake significant up-front investments in the safeguarding of its future. Ninety-two percent of the share capital of Robert Bosch GmbH is held by Robert Bosch Stiftung GmbH, a charitable foundation. The majority of voting rights are held by Robert Bosch Industrietreuhand KG, an industrial trust. The entrepreneurial ownership functions are carried out by the trust. The remaining shares are held by the Bosch family and by Robert Bosch GmbH.
"Within PaREGEn, the IVG at the UDE will closely work with ETH, Bosch, and LOGE to improve our understanding of why nanoparticles are formed in direct-injection engines and to bring that knowledge into simulation tools that can be used in engine optimization. In their tasks in WP 1, the researchers from the UDE will develop and employ laser-based imaging in an “optical” engine to look at fuel wall films and their impact on soot formation. They will also support Bosch in implementing these methods endoscopically in a “real” metal engine and validate the models and computer simulations developed by ETH and LOGE."
Sebastian Kaiser, IVG UDE
The Institute for Combustion and Gas Dynamics (IVG) is the largest institute of the University of Duisburg-Essen’s Engineering Department. With its four chairs, Thermodynamics, Nanoparticle Process Technology, Reactive Fluids, and Fluid Dynamics, the IVG covers a wide range of research on high-temperature reactions. The team consists of over 80 scientists, including 7 professors. Understanding and controlling combustion processes and the synthesis of nanomaterials in the gas phase is at the center of the research performed at the Chair of Reactive Fluids. Nanoparticles with tailored properties are synthesized in flames, plasmas, and wall-heated reactors in the Nanomaterials Synthesis team. The work is aimed at the development of new materials, in particular for use in energy technologies. Research also includes laser-based techniques for in situ measurements of concentration, temperature, droplet and particle size, as well as velocity in reactive flows. The Laser Diagnostics team conducts fundamental research on new measurement techniques. These techniques are also employed by the Internal Combustion Engines team in engine test cells that are equipped for optical in situ measurements to shed light on in-cylinder processes (this is the group involved in PaREGEn). The Kinetics team uses shock tubes to investigate reaction rates and mechanisms in combustion, ignition, and particle formation. In their research, the interdisciplinary team composed of engineers, chemists and physicists works closely with other groups at the IVG, in particular the simulation specialists at the Chair of Fluid Dynamics.
"The JRC has noticeable experience in measuring particle emissions from vehicle sand is currently leading the UNECE Particle Measurement Programme to investigate sub-23 nm particle emissions. The JRC will provide support to the PARGENE project for the characterization of emissions from vehicles in terms of particle number and size."
Giorgio Martini, JRC
As the European Commission’s science and knowledge service, the Joint Research Centre’s mission is to support EU policies with independent evidence throughout the whole policy cycle. Its work has a direct impact on the lives of citizens by contributing with its research outcomes to a healthy and safe environment, secure energy supplies, sustainable mobility and consumer health and safety. The JRC draws on over 50 years of scientific experience and continually builds its expertise. Located across five different countries, the JRC hosts specialist laboratories and unique research facilities and is home to thousands of scientists working to support EU policy. While most of our scientific work serves the policy Directorates-General of the European Commission, we address key societal challenges while stimulating innovation and developing new methods, tools and standards. We share know-how with the Member States, the scientific community and international partners. The JRC collaborates with over a thousand organisations worldwide whose scientists have access to many JRC facilities through various collaboration agreements. The JRC is a key player in supporting successful investment in knowledge and innovation foreseen by the Horizon 2020 Work Programme, the EU’s programme for research and innovation.
"Within the PaREGEn project ETH will develop a Large Eddy Simulation platform for cycle-resolved simulation of flow, turbulence, combustion and emission formation for GDI engines. The insights gained thereby will enable also the development of a virtual gasoline particle sensor that can be applied real-time aiding combustion and demonstrator development in the corresponding work packages. In addition, know-how transfer to industrially applicable modelling approaches which can be employed in the development process at the industrial partners is foreseen."
Christophe Barro, ETH
Freedom and individual responsibility, entrepreneurial spirit and open-mindedness: ETH Zurich stands on a bedrock of true Swiss values. Our university for science and technology dates back to the year 1855, when the founders of modern-day Switzerland created it as a centre of innovation and knowledge. In 2015, ETH counts 19233 Students and 503 Professors. The Aerothermochemistry and Combustion Systems Laboratory (LAV) at ETH is engaged in research and teaching on the fundamentals of chemical-reactive systems and their implementation (principally via internal combustion engines – ICE) in automotive, heavy duty, marine and power applications. The Laboratory is part of the Institute of Energy Technology, which belongs to the Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering.
"IDIADA is pleased to take part in the PaREGEn project, monitoring the development of a combination of innovative technologies in vehicles in order to meet the upcoming regulations. This is key to enabling us to gain knowledge about testing on vehicles fitted with these technologies, and will increase our understanding of the technologies’ impact on exhaust emissions. We consider that it is a privilege to contribute to performing the independent testing of these vehicles and are sure this project will put our company in a strong position in the exhaust emission testing market."
Rosa Delgrado, IDIADA
Applus+ IDIADA offers design, testing, engineering, and homologation services to the automotive industry worldwide. Our reputation is founded on the expertise of an international team of more than 2,100 engineers and technical experts, our first class facilities, our client focus and a constant drive towards innovation. An international network of subsidiaries and branch offices in 25 countries ensures that customers receive a fast and personalised service. We support our clients in their product development activities by providing them with engineering, testing and homologation services that fit their needs. IDIADA is involved in many international projects including EU-funded collaborations. The PaREGEn project complements part of the activities conducted in the department of Powertrain Emissions.
"Within the PaREGEn project UFI will design, develop and test the filter needed to remove and hold particles, generated in the water recovery system and that could damage all the relevant mechanical parts downstream the filter itself: the high pressure pump, the water injectors, the engine. The filter will have to ensure the filtration efficiency and dust holding required, with the minimum pressure drop and size."
Gamba Gianluca, UFI Filters
Founded in 1972 as a supplier of filters to the automotive industry, the company UFI FILTERS spa nowadays represents a dynamic and diversified group with various activities all over the world.
- More than 63M filters produced in 2014
- Global leader in diesel filters
- Over 4,000 employees across 12 countries
- 15 mfg plants
- 20 front offices for OEM/S worldwide
- Over 400 M€ in Sales for 2014
The UFI production covers the entire filtration applications range for the automotive market, passenger cars and heavy duty. One of the most important contributor to the Company success is the UFI’s capability to develop in house his filtering media tailored to the customer’s needs and to differentiate the company’s products from his competitors. UFI has dedicated R&D centers called UFI Innovation Center S.r.l. for the development of new strategic products and filtration media. The Company owns the designs and intellectual property of developed products for its clients. Such patents on products (which protect replacement market), together with certification of plants and quality (ISO standards), market reputation, focused know-how on specific products, customer relationships and R&D capabilities represent significant barriers to entry to defend the Company positioning. Major products under development are currently concentrated in Europe and China and refer to an innovative concept for air engine filters, rotating blow-by applications and media for diesel filtration. In its Research Centers UFI developed capabilities to produce filters for several applications, also outside the automotive sector, such as water, wine and process liquids.
"At the Institute for Combustion Engines of RWTH Aachen University we are dedicated to the development of sustainable mobility. Herein, a major task is to exploit the efficiency potential of modern combustion engines aiming for highest fuel economy and lowest pollutant emissions. Our recent experiments revealed the great potential of water injection to contribute to these targets. PaREGEn provides the unique opportunity to transfer the experiences we gained from fundamental research into industrial application."
Bastian Lehrheuer, RWTH
RWTH Aachen University performs since many years as the top ranked technical University of Excellence in Germany. Joint research with industry and large collaborative research centers are a particular strength of RWTH Aachen University.
At the Institute for Combustion Engines (VKA) mainly fundamental research projects, but also applied research issues concerning the vehicle powertrain are elaborated. Research focuses on the investigation of flow analysis, fuel preparation and combustion with the purpose of energy saving and engine-related avoidance of emission generation as well as on exhaust gas aftertreatment with the help of catalysts and particle filters. Moreover, alternative fuels like natural gas, alcohol fuels and hydrogen with respect to their use in vehicles are examined. Further main areas are innovative engine designs, the examination of engine friction and of the acoustical behavior of combustion engines. Furthermore, VKA intensively works on the development of measuring technologies for the research on combustion engines as well as on optimizing testing methods for engine test procedures and vehicle calibration. In addition, actual research projects concentrate on hybrid powertrain concepts and fuel cell systems. The junior professorship “Mechatronic Systems for Combustion Engines” under the direction of Prof. Dr.-Ing. Jakob Andert addresses the interaction of distributed real time networks and the linking of test benches with a virtual shaft connection as research focus. Hereto, the Center for Mobile Propulsion (CMP) supported by DFG (German research funding organization) is available. In this newly and worldwide unique testing center, different testing facilities are connected and able to communicate via a fast real time network.
The Institute for Combustion Engines moreover runs 33 engine test benches, an air-conditioned emission chassis dynamometer and a highly dynamic (transient) test bench, which are all equipped with modern, high-quality exhaust gas measuring systems. Furthermore, special test benches for flow analyses, fuel cells and engine components as well as special acoustical measuring and evaluation systems are provided. The Institute has the following laboratory and technical areas available: chemistry laboratory, measuring technology laboratory, electronic laboratory, mechanical workshop and test bench workshop. At the institute’s own chemistry laboratory, ambitious chemical analyses, for example of particle or oil samples can be conducted. The electronic laboratory develops and produces high-quality electronic components for the test bench operation and other scientific applications. Furthermore, both workshops take over the in-house manufacturing of mechanically large-scale engine and test bench components as well as the setup of engine test benches.
"Lund Combustion Engineering LOGE AB is very happy to participate in the PaREGEn project as this allows us to leverage our expertise in chemical processes in collaboration with global leaders within research and development to efficiently investigate emission of gasoline engines. For us this is also an important acknowledgement of our simulation software tool, LOGEsoft. LOGE was founded in 2005 to provide a wide range of services to the automotive, chemical and energy industry. Our areas of expertise include simulation of chemical processes such as combustion, emission formation and after treatment. Our software suite, LOGEsoft, is internationally recognized for analyzing and simulating complex chemistry processes for engineering applications. Within the PaREGEn project LOGE will contribute with expertise within chemical kinetics, soot modelling, 0D/QD engine modelling and 3D CFD modelling."
Fabian Mauss, LOGE
LOGE AB is headquartered at Ideon Science Park in Lund, Sweden, with additional offices in Cottbus, Germany. LOGE develops state-of-the-art software for chemical processes and our consultants offer Computational Fluid Dynamics-model development and chemical mechanism calculations to the exact specification of your business needs.
At LOGE we are committed to giving the best possible technological support that can help you enhance chemical process development. Together with our partners and the industry, we help reduce harmful emissions from combustion and increase internal combustion efficiency through the development of next-generation technologies and innovative solutions.
Lund Combustion Engineering LOGE AB is very happy to participate in the PaREGEn project as this allows us to leverage our expertise in chemical processes in collaboration with global leaders within research and development to efficiently investigate emission of gasoline engines. For us this is also an important acknowledgement of our simulation software tool, LOGEsoft. LOGE was founded in 2005 to provide a wide range of services to the automotive, chemical and energy industry. Our areas of expertise include simulation of chemical processes such as combustion, emission formation and after treatment. Our software suite, LOGEsoft, is internationally recognized for analyzing and simulating complex chemistry processes for engineering applications. Within the PaREGEn project LOGE will contribute with expertise within chemical kinetics, soot modelling, 0D/QD engine modelling and 3D CFD modelling.
“The Paregen project will allow Siemens PLM to increase its simulation tools capabilities to support automotive industry innovation for more sustainable future transportation. We’re proud to be part to such exceptional consortium.”
Pacôme Magnin, Siemens
Siemens PLM Software is a world-leading provider of product lifecycle management and manufacturing operations management software. We help thousands of companies realize innovation by optimizing their processes, from planning and development through manufacturing, production and support. The Siemens DF PL STS division of Siemens PLM develops and distributes for over 20 years the Imagine.Lab Amesim multi-domain dynamic simulation solutions. The Amesim solutions are used by worldwide automotive OEMs and suppliers to predict the multidisciplinary performance, efficiency and emissions of their systems. The Amesim research and development teams contributing to the Dieper project count over 100 engineers located in Lyon and Roanne, in France.
UNIRESEARCH is an SME (founded in 1994) which is specialised in supplying project management and consultancy services in the field of national and European research projects and innovation activities. Uniresearch is and has been involved in many research projects, many of which in the transport sector. For example in the field of sustainable propulsion and the electrification of road transport, projects such as (H2020) ECOCHAMPS, HDGAS, REWARD and (FP7) FUEREX, OPTIMORE, TRANSFORMERS. Next to this, Uniresearch is involved in the field of security (PROMERC), in the maritime domain (BlueMining), the rail sector (SMARTRAIL) and sustainable energy and solar cell developments (Fasttrack, SuMMiT). More examples of EU research projects managed by Uniresearch can be found at the website. The Uniresearch GmbH (Third party) is a subsidiary (100% daughter) of the Uniresearch BV. The company was founded in 2013 and is focussing on supporting German clients with services to support the participation EU funded projects. The Uniresearch GmbH is located in Berlin in close proximity of the TU Berlin and the Campus Charlottenburg.
“FEV will bring its innovative engineering and combustion science expertise into the project team creating jointly a new highly efficient, low-carbon and clean-exhaust gasoline-fueled powertrain for mid and premium passenger cars.“
Jens Ewald, FEV
The FEV Group with headquarters in Aachen, Germany, is an internationally recognized development service provider for drive and vehicle technologies. The company offers its global transport industry customers a complete range of engineering services, providing support in the design, analysis and prototyping for powertrain and transmission development, as well as vehicle integration, calibration and homologation for advanced internal combustion gasoline-, diesel-, and alternative-fuelled powertrains. FEV’s competencies also include design, development and prototyping of innovative vehicle concepts, powertrain electronic control systems and hybrid-electric engine concepts that address future emission and fuel economy standards. In recent years, FEV has started the development of water injection assisted combustion mode because for some vehicles we see the possibility to increase engine power and efficiency compared to state-of-the-art engine without this technology. Now, we would like to further optimize the technology by developing an engine with direct water injection and we would like to make this technology more user-friendly by generating the water for this technology directly from the exhaust gas, thereby avoiding the customer to filling up water as an additional working fluid.